Has your phone ever been hacked or have you ever gotten suspicious that some documents or files on your device have been accessed by another person without your knowledge or permission? Well, you aren’t alone as queries and SOS of mobile devices being hacked and sensitive information getting jeopardised have become everyday experiences.
Hоwеvеr, it ѕhоuld be noted thаt уоu dоn’t have tо bе a tech gееk оr professional to understand the bаѕiс соnсерtѕ оf phone ѕесuritу аnd hоw the аррliсаtiоn саn рrеvеnt your device frоm bеing manipulated withоut your knоwlеdgе.
Webmedia.com refers to Phone security as a method or means by which a mobile device can authenticate genuine users and protect or restrict access to data stored on the device through the use of passwords, Personal Identification Numbers (PIN), pattern screen locks or more sophisticated methods such as fingerprint readers, eye scanners and other advanced forms of biometric readers.
VMWare further defines phone security as the measures designed to protect sensitive information stored on and transmitted by your phone with the aim of preventing unauthorised users from gaining access to your device.
In a nutshell, phone security can be described as the necessary precautions a phone user needs to activate to prevent an external or unauthorised user from gaining access to the information, data and files and other personal components.
How can your phone security be compromised?
More often than not, phones do not just get hacked out of the blue as there are several factors that can lead to an external party encroaching on a phone without permission or authorisation. These factors include but not limited to the following:
1.Device loss or device theft When a phone gets lost or stolen, the possibilities of the contents being wiped up by the thief or whoever gets access to the phone are high but in situations in which the person possesses the technical skills and tools to hack critical information available on your device.
2.Installation of Malware on your mobile devices A maware is a software designed to operate in a harmful manner. It can be used to track/spy activities done on your phone, most especially internet-based operations leading to device data leakage and a display information that could be captured by unauthorized parties.
Some of the softwares used by hackers in siphoning information from a phone include:
SpyApp: This software is installed on the target phone but the hacker has to handle the phone physically for the software to do the damage.
Trojan: This is a type of software used by hackers with the aim of extracting personal information most notably credit card account details.
3.Bluetooth Hacking: Using special and sophisticated software programming tools, a professional hacker can gain access to a mobile device using an operating Bluetooth connectivity. In a situation where the user’s bluetooth connection is switched on, the hacker connects to the bluetooth device and gains access to available information on the phone.
4.SIM card hacking: This is one of the easiest methods a hackert can use in gaining access to information on your phone via SIM card. In this scenario, the hacker impersonates the owner of the Sim, contacts the SIM card service provider and requests for a new SIM. If the hacker is able to convince the provider to provide the requested new SIM card, the old SIM becomes automatically deactivated making it possible for the hacker to gain access to messages, phone calls, financial transactions and every other service you do using your SIM.
Ways through which you can protect your phone
Infringement on Bank details, log-in information, sensitive files, purchase history and loss of valuable data are some of the consequences a users suffer when their phones are being hacked. Fortunately, there are several methods it can be prevented and they include:
Screen Lock: Android phones come with notable features through which a user can prevent someone else from getting access to information on his/her phone.The user can choose to make use of one or a combination of these phone-locking methods such as Fingerprint access, Screen unlock pattern,Face recognition, Personal Identification Number. With this, it becomes extremely difficult for an authorised user to gain access to information even when your phone is in his/her possession.
Activating a password on your SIM card is an effective method of protecting your phone from being hacked. To enable this setting on an Android phone, the user will have to follow this simple step-by-step process: SETTINGS>>>Lock Screen and Security>>>Other security settings>>>other security settings>>>Set up Sim Card Lock.
Switch off Bluetooth and WiFi when not in use
Always ensure that your Bluetooth device and Wifi is always switched off except when in use. This is very important because a hacker will easily gain access to your phone via these devices if they are carelessly switched on and you will definitely get hacked without even noticing it.
Installation of security apps
Another good way of activating phone security is by installing Security applications on your phone.These apps easily detect any spyware threat and automatically protects your phone. It also identifies and warn you against malicious websites
Top Android security apps
Having learned the importance of phone security and how to prevent your Android device from being manipulated by an unauthorised user, here are the best-rated security apps that will surely prove helpful in protecting your phone.
Bitdefender Mobile Security.
Norton Mobile security
Avast mobile security
AVG Antivirus Free
Kaspersky Internet Security for Android
Trend Micro Mobile Security & Antivirus
McAfee Mobile Security
Sophos Intercept X for Mobile
AhnLab V3 Mobile Security
Avira Antivirus Security